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## Here are the average classroom sizes for all 50 states

Mack DeGeurin

###### Aug 21, 2019

More students are graduating from high school in the United States than ever before.

Increased student enrollment and lackluster public school funding have led to overcrowding in classrooms across the country.

INSIDER looked at National Center for Education Statistics data to find the average class sizes for elementary and high schools in every state.

Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more stories.

More students are graduating from high school than ever before. Just last year, 84.6% of the US national graduation class walked away from high school with a diploma. Along with these increased graduation rates, schools around the country are also witnessing an increase in general enrollment. And while that’s generally a positive development it does have one unintended consequence: overcrowded classrooms.

Overcrowding in schools has become such a concern that some states have taken legislative measures to cap the number of students in a given classroom. In 2002, for example, Florida made an amendment to its state constitution setting a clear limit on students per class: 22 students for elementary schools and 25 for high schools.

INSIDER used data from the National Center for Education Statistics on classroom sizes around the country to see how the states stack up against each other. To put those classrooms in context, INSIDER also looked at data on how much each state spends on child education, their overall student to teacher ratios, and the average high school graduation rates.

Continue scrolling below to find out the average class sizes for elementary schools and high school in all 50 states. All class sizes listed reflect 2012 statistics unless otherwise noted.

#### 1. Alabama

Alabama averaged 19.2 students per elementary class and 27.4 students per high school class.

**2018 state population:** 4.89 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,236**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.3%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 2. Alaska

In Alaska, there were 18.3 kids per class in elementary school and 18.7 students per class in high school.

**2018 state population:** 740,000**State spending per student in 2016**: $17,510**Average graduation rate in 2017**: 78.2%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

3. Arizona

An average Arizona elementary school averaged 24.1 kids per class, while an average high school class had 27.7 students.

**2018 state population:** 7.17 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $7,613**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 78%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 4. Arkansas

Arkansas averaged 20.4 kids per elementary school classroom. The average for high school classrooms was even higher, at 25.4 students per room.

**2018 state population:** 3.01 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,846**Average graduation rate in 2017**: 88%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

5. California

California had an average elementary class size of 25 kids per room and an average high school class size of 35 students per room.

**2018 state population:** 39.56 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $11,495**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 82.7%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

6. Colorado

Colorado averaged 22.8 kids per elementary school class and 29.1 students in high school classes.

**2018 state population:** 5.7 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,575**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 79.1%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

7. Connecticut

The average Connecticut elementary classroom had 19.6 children in it. The average high school class size was 22 students per room.

**2018 state population:** 3.57 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $18,958**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 87.9%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

8. Delaware

Delaware’s average elementary class size was 20.3 students per room. The high school class size was 25.8.

**2018 state population:** 970,000**State spending per student in 2016:** $14,713**Average graduation rate in 2017**: 86.9%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

9. Florida

Florida lacks data on average class sizes, but overcrowded schools have historically been such an issue that legislators passed an amendment to the Florida constitution limiting elementary class sizes to 22 students. The amendment also limits high school classrooms to 25 students.

**2018 state population:** 21.3 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $8,920**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 82.3%

Sources: Florida Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

10. Georgia

The average Georgia elementary classroom had 21 kids in it. The average high school classroom was slightly more crowded, with 27.5 students per room.

**2018 state population:** 10.52 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,769**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 80.6%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 11. Hawaii

Hawaii does not have clear data on its school class sizes but a 2016 state Department of Education recommendation suggested an “optimum class size” would be 20 students for kindergarten through third grade and 26 students for fourth to 12th grade.

**2018 state population:** 1.42 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $13,748**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 82.7

Sources: Hawaii.gov, National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

12. Illinois

Illinois had an average elementary class size of 22.9 students and an average high school class size of 27.9 students.

**2018 state population:** 12.74**State spending per student in 2016:** $14,180**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 87%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

13. Idaho

In 2012, Idaho had an average elementary class size of 24.5 students and an average high school class size of 25.4 students.

**2018 state population:** 1.75 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $7,157**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 79.7

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

14. Indiana

Indiana had an average elementary class size of 21.4 students and an average high school class size of 27.3 students.

**2018 state population:** 6.69 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,856**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 83.8

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

15. Iowa

Iowa had an average of 20.3 students per elementary school class and 27.4 students per high school class.

**2018 state population:** 3.16 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $11,150**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 91.%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 16. Kansas

Kansas’s average elementary school was made up of 20.4 kids and the average high school was slightly higher, at 24.6 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 2.91 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,960**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 86.5%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

17. Kentucky

The average Kentucky elementary school had 23.3 kids and the average high school classroom had 26.6 students.

**2018 state population:** 4.47 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,863**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.7%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

18. Louisiana

Louisiana elementary schools averaged 19 kids per classroom and its high schools averaged 23.4 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 4.66 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $50,000**Average graduation rate in 2017**: 78.1%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

19. Maine

The average Maine elementary school classroom had 17.6 kids and high schools averaged 19.9 students.

**2018 state population:** 1.34 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $13,278**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 86.9%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

20. Maryland

A report conducted by the Maryland Department of Education in 2016 determined there were 21.34 students per classroom in elementary schools and 18.75 students per classroom in high schools.

**2018 state population:** 6.04 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $14,206**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 87.7%

Sources: Maryland Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 21. Massachusetts

The average Massachusetts elementary school had 19.9 students per classroom while the average high school had 24.5 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 6.9 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $15,593**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 88.3%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

22. Michigan

Michigan had an average elementary class size of 22.8 students and an average high school class size of 29.9 students.

**2018 state population:** 9.99 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $11,668**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 80.2%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

23. Minnesota

Minnesota had an average elementary school class size of 22.8 students while high schools averaged 29.9 students per class.

**2018 state population:** 5.61 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $12,382**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 82.7%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

24. Mississippi

Mississippi averaged 21.6 students per elementary school classroom and 22.8 students per high school classroom.

**2018 state population:** 2.99 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $8,702**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 83%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

25. Missouri

Missouri had an average elementary class size of 20.2 students and an average high school classroom size of 26.8 students.

**2018 state population:** 6.13 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $10,313**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 88.3%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 26. Montana

Montana averaged 18.9 students per class in elementary schools and 21.7 students per class in high schools both of which were comparatively low to other states.

**2018 state population:** 1.06 million**State spending per student in 2016**: $11,348**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 85.8%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

27. Nebraska

Nebraska elementary schools averaged 19.9 students per class while high school class sizes were similarly small at 21.7 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 1.93 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $12,299**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.1%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

28. Nevada

Nevada averaged 25. 3 students per elementary school and 34.5 students per high school classroom.

**2018 state population:** 3.03 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $8,960**Average graduation rate in 2017**: 80.9%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

29. New Hampshire

New Hampshire has some of the smallest class sizes in the country. The state averaged 20.4 students per classroom in elementary schools and 21.7 students per classroom in high schools.

**2018 state population:** 1.36 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $15,340**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 88.9%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

30. New Mexico

The average New Mexico elementary classroom had 19.8 kids in it. The average high schools were slightly more crowded, with 23.7 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 2.1 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,693**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 71.1%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 31. New Jersey

The average New Jersey elementary school class size was 18.5 students while the average high school had 23.9 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 8.91 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $18,402**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 90.5%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

32. New York

The average New York elementary school had 20.7 students per classroom and the average high school had 25.1 students per classroom.

**2018 state population**: 19.54 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $22,366**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 81.8%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

33. North Carolina

The average North Carolina elementary school had 18.8 students per classroom and the average high school had 25.8 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 10.38 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $8,792**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 86.6%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

34. North Dakota

North Dakota’s elementary schools averaged 17.8 students per classroom and its high schools averaged 19.2 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 760,000**State spending per student in 2016:** $13,373**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 87.2%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 35. Ohio

Ohio elementary schools averaged 21.3 students per classroom and the average high school had 26.7 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 11.69 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $12,102**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 84.2%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

36. Oklahoma

The average Oklahoma elementary school had 20.7 students per classroom and the average high school had 23.7 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 3.94 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $8,097**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 82.6%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

37. Oregon

Oregon’s elementary school classes averaged 26.4 students while its high schools averaged 30 students per class.

**2018 state population:** 4.19 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $10,842**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 76.7%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

38. Pennsylvania

The average Pennsylvania elementary school had 22.4 students per classroom while the average high school had 25.2 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 12.81 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $15,418**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 86.6%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

39. Rhode Island

Rhode Island does not keep clear data on its statewide high school sizes, but elementary schools were relatively small in 2000, with an average classroom seating 20 children.

**2018 state population:** 1.06 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $15,532**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 84.1

Sources: Edweek, National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 40. South Carolina

The average South Carolina elementary school had 19.1 students per classroom while its high schools averaged 26 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 5.08 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $10,24**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 83.6

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

41. South Dakota

The average South Dakota elementary school had 20.4 students per classroom and the average high school had 22.3 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 880,000**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,176**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 83.7

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

42. Tennessee

Tennessee’s elementary schools had 17.7 students per classroom while the average high school had 26.9 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 6.77 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $8,810**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.8%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

43. Texas

An average Texas elementary school had 18.2 students per classroom. Its high school classrooms averaged 26.9 students.

**2018 state population:** 28.7 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $9,016**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.7%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

44. Utah

Utah elementary schools had 27.4 students per classroom. High school classrooms swelled in size with a staggering 31.5 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 3.16 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $6,953**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 86%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

#### 45. Vermont

Vermont elementary schools had 16.6 students per classroom, while its high schools averaged 19.8 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 630,000**State spending per student in 2016:** $17,873**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.1%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

46. Virginia

Virginia’s elementary schools had 20.4 students per classroom and the state’s high schools had 23.8 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 1.81 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $11,291**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.4%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

47. Washington

Washington elementary schools averaged 23.7 students per classroom. High schools had an average of 29.7 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 7.54 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $11,534**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 79.4%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

48. West Virginia

West Virginian public schools had an average of 18.7 students per classroom. The state’s high schools had an average of 24 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 1.81 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $11,291**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 89.4%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

49. Wisconsin

Wisconsin elementary schools had an average of 20.8 students per classroom. High schools averaged 27.9 students per classroom.

**2018 state population:** 5.81 million**State spending per student in 2016:** $11,456**Student to teacher ratio in 2014:** 14.9**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 88.6%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa

50. Wyoming

Wyoming elementary schools averaged 17 students per classroom while high school classrooms averaged 19.6 students.

**2018 state population:** 580,000**State spending per student in 2016:** $16,442**Student to teacher ratio in 2014:** 12.4**Average graduation rate in 2017:** 86.2%

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics, Governing.com, Statiststa